Gender Identity: Why All the Confusion?
A Review and Critique of Research on Same-Sex Parenting and Adoption
LGBT adoption is the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people. This may be in the form of a joint adoption by a same -sex couple, adoption by one partner of a same-sex couple of the other's biological child (step-child adoption) and adoption by a single LGBT person. Joint adoption by. 19 Feb The paper has a straightforward title: "Emotional Problems Among Children With Same-Sex Parents: Difference by Definition." It's not hard to guess the conclusion of this research, released last month by Catholic University professor Paul Sullins : Kids with gay parents have more emotional problems than. 9 Mar This diversity of family forms challenges normative, heterosexually-based, concepts or definitions of family. Firstly, the dominance of research focusing on outcomes for children raised in same-sex parented families means there is only a limited number of studies on the health and wellbeing of.
Are the outcomes for children of gay, lesbian, or bisexual parents in general the same as those for heterosexual parents? That controversial question is discussed here in a detailed review of the social science literature in three parts: Relationship instability appears to be higher among gay and lesbian parent couples and may be a key mediating factor influencing outcomes for children.
With respect to part 2, while parental self-reports usually present few significant differences, social desirability or self-presentation bias may be a confounding factor. While some researchers have tended to conclude that there are no differences whatsoever in terms of child outcomes as a function of parental sexual orientation, such conclusions appear premature in the light of more recent data in which some different outcomes have been observed in a few studies.
Studies conducted within the past 10 years that compared child outcomes for children of same-sex and heterosexual adoptive parents were reviewed. Numerous methodological limitations were identified that make it very difficult to make an accurate assessment of the effect of parental sexual orientation across adoptive families.
Because of sampling limitations, we still know very little about family functioning among same-sex adoptive families with low or moderate incomes, those with several children, or those with older children, including adolescents or how family functioning may change over time. There remains a need for high-quality research on same-sex families, especially families with gay fathers and with lower income.
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Download PDF Article information. Article first published online: September 12, ; Issue published: Keywords Same-sex parentingresearch methodslesbian parentingLGBT issuesadoption research. VolIssue 3, Stability of same-sex parent relationships Part 2: General outcomes for children of same-sex parents Looking deeper into the research Part 3: Outcomes for children adopted by same-sex parents: VolIssue 3, pp.
Permissions Request Permissions View permissions information for this article. Send me a copy Cancel. Review of Economics of the Household 11 4: Google ScholarCrossref. A critical assessment of the same-sex parenting literature, — Meta-analysis of existing research.
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